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History of AR and Key Researchers

Page history last edited by Lara Jongedijk 12 years, 2 months ago

A brief history of Augmented Reality (AR) and names of key researchers associated with AR.



Timeline in brief: A Sampling of Innovations and Research Regarding AR:


  • 1962: Morton Heilig, a cinematographer, creates a motorcycle simulator called  Sensorama with visuals, sound, vibration, and smell.





  • 1990: Tom Caudell coins the phrase Augmented Reality while at Boeing helping workers assemble cables into aircraft.


  • 1994: Milgrim defines a continuum of real to virtual reality environments. AR is placed as a mixed reality on the continuum spectrum.


  • 1997: Azuma published a survey paper which defined the field of AR.




  • 2005: Horizon Report: Profile Augmented Reality as New technology trend to watch. The Report predicts that AR technology will emerge more fully within 4-5  years.


  • 2005: Camera system developed that can analyze physical environments in real time and relate positions between objects and environments. This work has become the basis for AR systems to integrate reality with virtual objects. 


  • 2005: Daniel Palanker, Alexander Vankov and Phil Huie develop a "bionic eye".


  • 2007: Facial feature tracking to allow for greater control of perspective. For example, a conductor could command a certain set of virtual instruments with the movement of his eyes. 

  • 2007: Medical applications for users. Sending visual cues to help MS patients better keep their balance.


  • 2008: A multiple new innovations and examples of AR now exist across a multitude of areas.! 


         As a next step, view the Wiki page: “Current Applications of AR” for

         examples of AR  usage across industries.


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